A Voice of Colorado Version 2018 No. 48

Northern Colorado has been home to many cultures and people, including the Shoshone.

The Shoshone may have entered present-day Colorado by a northeastern passage as determined through ceramic evidence from the Echo Cave archaeological site near the Big Thompson River and from the Roberts Buffalo Jump and T-W Diamond sites in northeastern Larimer County.

These discoveries suggest that the Intermountain Tradition preceded the Shoshone, as proto-Shoshonean culture, originating about AD 1000 before becoming what is now considered historical Shoshone by AD 1760.

Like many other population the Shoshone acquired horses early in their civilizations, and subsequently dominated the northern Plains of Colorado in the 1740s until other tribes obtained guns, which were used to drive the Shoshone into the central Rocky Mountains.

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A Voice of Colorado Version 2018 No. 44

Northern Colorado has been home to many cultures and people, including the Ute.

To the west of the Rocky Mountains in what would become the State of Colorado, in the Four Corners area, by 1300 AD Ute were present, and would spread north and east through the mountains over the next two centuries.

Using linguistic analysis it is believed that the Shoshonean branch of Uto-Aztecan speakers spread from Death Valley in what is now California, across the Great Basin beginning around AD 1000. Over time this population split into three divisions. The modern Shoshone belong to Mono-Bannock division and the Ute belong to the Ute-Chemehuevis division.

Before 1880 the territory occupied by Eastern Ute bands such as the Parusanuch and Yampa extended from the White and Yampa River valleys of western Colorado to North and Middle Park in central Colorado, including what now constitutes Rocky Mountain National Park.

Within present-day Larimer County Ute ceramics have been discovered near Red Feather Lakes, northeast of Fort Collins, and near Drake, on the Big Thompson River.

A Voice of Colorado Version 2018 No. 36

Northern Colorado has been home to many cultures and people, including the Arapaho.

The history of the Arapaho Nation, an Algonquian-speaking people, is unclear, but it is accepted that at one time they lived in northern Minnesota and southern Manitoba, and migrated south and west as part of their hunting and gathering culture. Studies and analysis of their language suggests that they may have separated from other Algonquian-speaking populations at least one thousand years ago.

The Arapaho people may have established their presence on the northern plains as early as 1650 and migrated southward toward the Missouri River by the end of the 1790s. Those who went southward became known as “Arapaho” and those who remained to the north became clearly identified as “Gros Ventre”, or ‘Atsinsa’.

Scholars disagree when the second split in the nation occurred, resulting in the accepted Northern and Southern Arapaho. One school of thought holds that this division happened around the time of the construction of Bent’s Fork on the Arkansas River in the 1830s, and was motivated by hunting preference – the North Platte or the Arkansas Rivers.

Some scholars assert that the division came about because of the 1851 Laramie Treaty. This may be more accurate because in the 1860s the bands of Chief Left Hand (also known as Niwot), a Southern Arapaho, and Chief Friday, a Northern Arapaho, hunted along the Poudre River in northern Colorado and the Big Thompson River near present-day Loveland, CO., and the identifying of the groups was not noted in the 1851 treaty – it was a matter of choice. Regardless of the cause in time the northern bands were relocated to a reservation in Wyoming and the southern bands were sent to Oklahoma.

A Voice of Colorado No. 398 Version 5.0:

Four years after floods ravaged and damaged more than a third of the State of Colorado physical evidence remains. In Loveland, CO. the aftermath remains apparent in areas, and to return ten properties damaged to their previous glory almost ten million dollars has been required to fix and repair them. One of the ten, Viestenz-Smith Mountain Park, located on U.S. Highway 34, west of Loveland, remains closed as repairs continue. The reopening is scheduled for summer 2018.

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (F.E.M.A.) paid sixty percent of the cost, twenty-two percent was covered by the insurance carried by the City of Loveland, another ten percent came from state-level funding, and the remaining eight percent was paid for with grants and by the City of Loveland, which came from the general fund for parks, open lands tax dollars, and golf fees.

To ensure that the properties endure plans including a hydrologic study of the Big Thompson River was made.

Properties damaged by flooding:

• Viestenz-Smith Mountain Park
Perhaps hardest hit of all the properties, the canyon park saw the destruction of the Civilian Conservation Corps picnic shelter, memorials, benches, and the parking lot located on the south side of the property, and substantial damage to the north side of the park, which was filled with silt and debris that traveled through the canyon. Reconstruction of the park included a new channel for the Big Thompson River, picnic areas, trails, a new parking lot, new restroom facilities, and the restoration of historic structures.
• Wild Nature Reserve
• Mariana Butte Golf Course
• Morey Wildlife Reserve
Previously known for its nine-acre pond, the Morey Wildlife Reserve has been transformed with the rebuilding of the trail and an additional loop, along with new vegetation. The pond was not rebuilt because of the cost required to do so. Presently the pond, filled with silt by the flood, has been covered with vegetation.
• Loveland Recreational Trail
Sections of the overall trail were destroyed by the floods, but a new and final trail was completed and reopened in May 2017.
• Namaqua Park and Natural Area
• Centennial Park
The 2013 floods destroyed trails, ball fields, batting cages, and an in-line skating rink. The in-line skating rink was the only thing not restored because it was replaced with pickleball courts.
• River’s Edge Natural Area
At the time the newest recreation area in the city, which was scheduled to be opened on September 23, 2013, it was closed twenty days before the dedication the flood destroyed the boardwalks, fishing docks, trails, historical structures, sidewalks, and the parking lot. The rebuilding involved reestablishing fishing, hiking, and wildlife areas. The property was finally opened to the public in September 2015.
• Fairgrounds Park/Barnes Park
The playground, dog park, ball fields, sidewalks, and trails were damaged by debris, rock, and sand, as well damage caused by railroad tracks that inflicted ruin to the fences surrounding the property and the playground equipment. Repairs to the park included removal of the debris, new vegetation in eroded areas, and an opening in the summer of 2014.
• Old St. Louis Natural Area

A Voice of Colorado No. 207 Version 5.0:

Washburn Station, established in 1864 by settler John Washburn, served as the beginnings of a new settlement in northern Colorado. In 1867, because of the settlement, John Douty built a flour mill near the stage station, and the new town was known as “Old Saint Louis” or ‘Big Thompson’. In 1874 a plat was filed for the community, with the name “Winona” – for John Washburn’s daughter, Winona.

The stage station did not last long because in 1869 The Transcontinental Railroad was undertaken and the need for long distance travel by stagecoach and wagon was eliminated.

“Old Saint Louis” remains within the boundaries of present-day Loveland, CO., by way of a street name.

A Voice of Colorado No. 205 Version 5.0:

In 1864 a stage station and bridge were established by John Washburn on his homestead, located roughly two miles downstream of Namaqua Station on The Big Thompson River – near the intersection of the river and present-day United States Highway 287. The name of the station was expected – Washburn Station.